John Rawls & Social Liberties
What is the definition of social justice? Social justice is the idea of constructing a society or an institution wherein every human being has equal rights and the dignity of every human being is valued. Social justice is carried out by social workers and there are many people from diverse backgrounds like psychology, sociology, child and family services who go into the field of criminal justice.
Criminal justice is regarded as the system of governments reducing crime and upholding social control. There are many people who are interested in pursuing criminal justice as their career. In this sense, these people play an important role in resolving many social justice issues. To perform their job responsibilities adequately, it’s essential for social justice workers to obtain a criminal justice degree. People from social work, sociology, psychology, and child and family services are suitable for a career in social justice because they have the necessary background to deal with criminals. If they cannot enroll in a full time criminal justice school, they have the option to pursue an online criminal justice degree. Social justice is a great responsibility and social justice workers play an important role in reforming society, making it a safer place for everybody.
After completing their social justice education, there are many social justice jobs to choose from. Upon obtaining their Bachelors in criminal justice from an accredited criminal justice school, they can begin a career as counselors for social justice, criminologists, federal agents, state attorney investigators, prison wardens or US marshals. To learn more about these careers, you may read some social justice articles on the Internet.
About John Rawls
When you think about social justice topics, including moral and political philosophy, one of the central figures is definitely John Bordley Rawls. Born on February 21, 1921, Rawls was one of America’s most influential philosophers. He passed away on November 24, 2002. In the year 1943, Rawls joined the Army after obtaining his Bachelors degree at Princeton University. During his service in WWII, Rawls went to the Philippines, New Guinea, and participated in the occupation of Japan. Overcome by the effects of the Hiroshima bombing, he left the army in 1946. Then, he decided to pursue his doctorate in moral philosophy at Princeton.
After the successful completion of his doctorate, he became a professor at Princeton until 1952. Rawls also served as associate professor at Cornell University and eventually became a full professor of philosophy. In 1962, he began to teach at Harvard University, a career which would span about 40 years. It’s here that he taught some of the most important people in moral and political philosophy like Adrian Piper, Thomas Nagel, Joshua Cohen, Martha Nussbaum, Paul Weithman, and Barbara Herman. At Harvard, Rawls was awarded the James Bryant Conant University Professorship. Rawl’s most significant work, A Theory of Justice, was published in the year 1971.
The work of John Rawl in the field of political philosophy is regarded as Rawlsianism. He was a pioneer in the implementation of many thought experiments, which included the well-known Veil of Ignorance. This thought experiment focuses on the fair agreement, which says every individual is to be regarded as equal. In 1999, Rawls was awarded the National Humanities Medal because his works also addressed social justice issues in America.
Rawls had made an immense contribution to the liberal political philosophy and social and economic justice. There are many ideas that were achieved form his work. Here are the most notable ones.
• Justice As Fairness
• The Original Position
• Reflective Equilibrium
• Overlapping Consensus
• Public Reason
The Basic Liberties
Here’s a list of the basic Rawlsian liberties:
• Liberty of thought.
• Liberty of conscience.
• Liberty of politics.
• Liberty of association.
• Freedom of liberty and integrity.
• Liberties which are not illegal in terms of law.
Criticisms of the Idea
The ideas of social justice had to pass through the phase of criticism. There are a number of philosophers who think that there should be objective standards in social justice. There are also some philosophers who think that there should be no objective standards in general justice. Other classes like moral nihilists, non-cognitivists, logical positivists, and moral skeptics, support the idea. According to the cynics, social justice ideas are merely established to justify the status quo. The Social Darwinism supporters have the opinion that social justice should be abolished because it only serves to promote dysgenics. In conclusion, there are different standpoints on the subject of social justice.